v3.8.0.1
Document and Entity Information - USD ($)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Mar. 08, 2018
Jun. 30, 2017
Document and Entity Information      
Entity Registrant Name MADRIGAL PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.    
Entity Central Index Key 0001157601    
Document Type 10-K    
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2017    
Amendment Flag false    
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31    
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Yes    
Entity Voluntary Filers No    
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes    
Entity Filer Category Accelerated Filer    
Entity Public Float     $ 84,557,382
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   14,227,634  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2017    
Document Fiscal Period Focus FY